Environmental Laws and Policies

Laws-and-Policies
PAWD

REPUBLIC ACT NO. 7586 - AN ACT PROVIDING FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT AND MANAGEMENT OF NATIONAL INTEGRATED PROTECTED AREASSYSTEM, DEFINING ITS SCOPE AND COVERAGE, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
 
REPUBLIC ACTNO. 9304 - AN ACT TO ESTABLISH MT. MALINDANG NATURAL PARK, LOCATED IN THE PROVINCE OF MISAMIS OCCIDENTAL AS A PROTECTED AREA AND ITS PERIPHERAL AREAS AS BUFFER ZONE, PROVIDING FOR ITS MANAGEMENT PURSUANT TO REPUBLIC ACT NO. 7586 (NIPAS ACT OF 1992) AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
 
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9303 - AN ACT DECLARING MT. HAMIGUITAN RANGE AND ITS VICINITIES AS PROTECTED AREA UNDER THE CATEGORY OF WILDLIFE SANCTUARY AND ITS PERIPHERAL AREAS AS BUFFER ZONE AND APPROPRIATING FUNDS THEREFOR
 
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9304 - AN ACT TO ESTABLISH MT. MALINDANG NATURAL PARK, LOCATED IN THE PROVINCE OF MISAMIS OCCIDENTAL ASA PROTECTED AREA AND ITS PERIPHERAL AREAS AS BUFFER ZONE, PROVIDING FOR ITS MANAGEMENT PURSUANT TO REPUBLIC ACTNO. 7586 (NIPAS ACT OF 1992) AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
 
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9147 - AN ACT ESTABLISHING THE NORTHERN SIERRA MADRE MOUNTAIN RANGE WITHIN THE PROVINCE OF ISABELA AS A PROTECTED AREA AND ITS PERIPHERAL AREAS AS BUFFER ZONES PROVIDING FOR ITS MANAGEMENT AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
 
​REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9072 - AN ACT TO MANAGE AND PROTECT CAVES AND CAVE RESOURCES AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
 
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8371 - AN ACT TO RECOGNIZE, PROTECT AND PROMOTE THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS CULTURAL COMMUNITIES/INDIGENOUS PEOPLES, CREATING A NATIONAL COMMISSION ON INDIGENOUS PEOPLES, ESTABLISHING IMPLEMENTING MECHANISMS, APPROPRIATING FUNDS THEREFOR, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
 
​REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8978- AN ACT DECLARING THE MT. KITANGLAD RANGE IN THE PROVINCE OF BUKIDNON AS A PROTECTED AREA AND ITS PERIPHERAL AREAS AS BUFFER ZONES, PROVIDING FOR ITS MANAGEMENT AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES 
 
EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 774 - REORGANIZING THE PRESIDENTIAL TASK FORCE ON CLIMATE CHANGE
 
​EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 553 - ADOPTING INTEGRATED COASTAL MANAGEMENT AS A NATIONAL STRATEGY TO ENSURE THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE COUNTRY’S COASTAL AND MARINE ENVIRONMENT AND RESOURCES AND ESTABLISHING SUPPORTING MECHANISMS FOR ITS IMPLEMENTATION
 
​EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 578 - ESTABLISHING THE NATIONAL POLICY ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY, PRESCRIBING ITS IMPLEMENTATION THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY, PARTICULARLY IN THE SULU SULAWESI MARINE ECOSYSTEM AND THE VERDE ISLAND PASSAGE MARINE CORRIDOR
 
PROCLAMATION NO. 260 - DECLARING INITAO NATIONAL PARK AND PORTION OF INITAO LIBERTAD MARINE WATERS SITUATED IN THE MUNICIPALITIES OF INITAO AND LIBERTAD, PROVINCE OF MISAMIS ORIENTAL AS A PROTECTED AREA AND ITS PERIPHERAL AREA AS BUFFER ZONE PURSUANT TO REPUBLIC ACT 7586 (NIPAS ACT OF 1992) AND SHALL BE KNOWN AS INITAO-LIBERTAD PROTECTED LANDSCAPE AND SEASCAPE
 
​PROCLAMATION NO. 228 - DECLARING MT. MALINDANG NATIONAL PARK SITUATED IN THE PROVINCE OF MISAMIS OCCIDENTAL AS A PROTECTED AREA AND ITS PERIPHERAL AREAS AS BUFFER ZONE PURSUANT TO REPUBLIC ACT 7586 (NIPAS ACT OF 1992) AND SHALL BE KNOWN AS MT. MALINDANG NATURAL PARK
 
PROCLAMATION NO. 269 - DECLARING THE BAGANGA WATERSHED RESERVATION SITUATED IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF BAGANGA, PROVINCE OF DAVAO ORIENTAL, ISLAND OF MINDANAO AS A PROTECTED AREA PURSUANT TO R.A. 7586 (NIPAS ACT OF 1992), WHICH SHALL BE KNOWN AS “BAGANGA PROTECTED LANDSCAPE”
 

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REPUBLIC ACT NO. 7942  - AN ACT INSTITUTING A NEW SYSTEM OF MINERAL RESOURCES EXPLORATION, DEVELOPMENT, UTILIZATION AND CONSERVATION
 
LOCAL GOVERNMENT CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES
 
​REPUBLIC ACT NO. 7076 - AN ACT CREATING A PEOPLE’S SMALL-SCALE MINING PROGRAM AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
 

REPUBLIC ACT NO. 10121  ​​ - AN ACT STRENGTHENING THE PHILIPPINES DISA​STER RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS, PROVIDING FOR THE NATIONAL DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK AND INSTITUIONALIZING THE NATIONAL DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT PLAN, APPROPRIATING FUNDS THEREFOR AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

Environmental-laws-and-policies

Policies and Legislations Description
Philippine Constitution(1986) Contains the State’s obligation to protect and advance the right of the people to a balanced and healthful ecology (Article 2, Section 15 and 16).
Local Government Code Republic Act 7160 (1991) Certain sections strengthen the role of LGUs in the environmental governance of the country.
Republic Act 10121 An Act strengthening the Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management System, providing for the National DRRM framework and institutionalizing the National DRRM Plan, appropriating funds therefore and for other purposes
Republic Act 9729 An act mainstreaming climate change into government policy formulations, establishing the framework strategy and program on climate change, creating for this purpose the climate change commission, and for other purposes.
Proclamation No. 2149 (1981) Declares certain areas including watershed reserves as environmentally critical and within the scope of the EIS system.
Republic Act No. 7586 or the National Integrated Protected Areas System Act of Encompass outstanding remarkable areas and biologically important public lands that are habitats of rare and endangered species of plants and animals, biogeographic zones and related ecosystems, whether terrestrial, wetland or marine, all of which shall be designated as protected areas.
Republic Act No. 7942 or the Philippine Mining Act (1995) Provides that proclaimed watershed reserves, old growth or virgin forests, wilderness areas, mossy forests and NIPAS areas among others are closed to mining applications. Mining contractors are also required to undertake environmental protection and enhancement programs to include among other things revegetation, watershed development and water conservation.
People’s Small Scale Mining Program Republic Act 7076 (1991) Allows small mining operators including the poor people to benefit from the country’s mineral resources.
Republic Act No. 8041 Water Crisis Act (1995) Directs the government to adopt urgent and effective measures to address national water crisis; provides for the identification and designation of critical watersheds where development undertakings are to be suspended.
Presidential Decree 1152 or The Philippine Environment Code (1996) Prescribes management guidelines aimed to protect and improve the quality of Philippine water resources through improvement of the quality of the Philippine water resource.
Republic Act 8435 or The Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Act (1997) Prescribes that DA will coordinate with DENR concerning preservation and rehabilitation of watersheds to support irrigation systems; promotes development that is compatible with the preservation of the ecosystem in areas where agriculture and fisheries activities are carried out.
Republic Act 8371 or The Indigenous Peoples Rights Act (1997 Ascribes rights of the ICC/IPs sustainable use, manage, protect, conserve land, water and other areas of economic value; ascribes the right to formulate and pursue their own plans for sustainable management and development of land and natural resources; provides that government adopt effective measures to implement laws that will preserve the quality of surface and ground water that may affect ancestral domains.
Presidential Decree 1067 or The National Water Code of the Philippines Governs the ownership, appropriation, utilization, exploitation, development, conservation and protection of water resources.
Republic Act 9275 or The Philippine Clean Water Act of 2004 Aims to protect the country’s water bodies from pollution from land-based sources (industries and commercial establishments, agriculture and community/household activities).
Republic Act No. 9003 The Ecological Solid Waste Management Act
Pollution Control Law Presidential Decree 984 (1976) Provides guidelines for prevention, abatement and control of pollution of water, air and land.
Philippine Environmental Impact Statement System Presidential Decree 1586 (1978) Mandates EIS for government and private sector projects affecting the quality of the environment.
Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law Republic Act 6657 (1987) Exempts land devoted to reforestation, wildlife, etc. from land conversion.
EO No. 223 (1987) Vests in the PNOC jurisdiction on the management of certain areas supporting hydropower and geothermal project.
EO 224 (1987) Provides that management of certain watershed area was transferred to the jurisdiction of National Power Corporation pursuant to the energy-generating program of the government.
Joint Memorandum Circular No. 98-01 Manual of Procedures for DENR-DILG-LGU partnership on devolved and other forest management functions
Executive Order No. 23 Declares a moratorium on the cutting and harvesting of timber in natural and residual forests nationwide, and creating the Anti-Illegal Logging Task Force.
Executive Order No. 26 Declares the implementation of the National Greening Program as a government priority program to reduce poverty, promote food security, environmental stability and biodiversity conservation, and enhance climate change mitigation and adaptation.
Executive Order No. 277 Amends Section 68 of PD 705, penalizing possession of timber and other forest products without legal documents.
Executive Order No. 263 Adopts community-based forest management as the national strategy to ensure the sustainable development of the country’s forestland resources and for social equity.
DENR Administrative Order No. 97-05 Defines the procedures in the retention of areas within certain distances along the banks of rivers, streams, and shore of seas, lakes and oceans for environmental protection.
DENR Administrative Order No.92-34 Rules and Regulations to Implement Republic Act No. 7076 Otherwise Known as “Peoples Small Scale Mining Act of 1991”.
DENR Administrative Order No.92-50 Guidelines on the Disposition of Confiscated Logs, Lumber and Other Forest Products for Public Infrastructure Projects.
DENR Administrative Order No. 15-90 Amends certain provisions of DAO 96-29 and providing specific guidelines for the Establishment and Management of Community-Based Projects within Protected Areas.
DENR Administrative Order 96-26, September 10, 1996 Revised Guidelines Governing the Harvest and Transport of Planted Trees and Non-Timber Products within Social Forestry Areas.
DENR Memorandum Circular No. 24, July 13, 1994 Implementing Guidelines for the Conversion of Timber License Agreements (TLAs) to Industrial Forest Management Agreements (IFMAs).
DENR Administrative Order No. 42, August 22, 1991 Revised Regulations and Guidelines Governing the Establishment and Development of Industrial Forest Plantations (IFPs)
DENR Administrative Order No. 62, October 15, 1993 Institutionalizes community organizing as an approach and strategy in the planning and implementation of programs and projects in the DENR.
DENR Administrative Order No. 68, December 16, 1993 Amendment to DAO No. 60, Series of 1993, to encourage more investors in the IFP program of the government and to accelerate the establishment of industrial forest plantations.
DENR Memorandum Circular No. 09, August 03, 1992 Requires Timber License Agreement/Timber Production Sharing Agreement holders to prepare and submit a Medium Term Forest Management Plan.
DENR Memorandum Circular No. 35, November 17, 1993 Criteria and guidelines for the Categorization of the Protected Areas under the National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS)
DENR Memorandum Circular No. 17, May 13, 1993 Guidelines on the conduct of Protected Area Suitability Assessment (PASA).
DENR Memorandum Circular No. 22, Series of 1992 Guidelines on the preparation and submission of maps of areas covered by the National Integrated Protected Areas System

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